Can Crowdfunding Work for Narrative Non-Fiction?

    by Ira Basen
    February 10, 2010

    In 1978, in the middle of a deep economic recession, an 18 year-old girl named Dolly Freed wrote a book about living in a non-monetary economy called “Possum Living: How to live well without a job and with almost no money.” The book described how Dolly and her father were able to live happily in rural Pennsylvania on less than $2,000 a year.


    The book became a surprise bestseller, and Dolly Freed (not her real name), became an overnight, if short-lived celebrity. After her 15 minutes of fame ended, Dolly disappeared from view, and has not written or spoken publicly in over 30 years.

    I'm self-publishing this story because it had no other home. I wanted it to live in the world, not die in my notebook." - Paige Williams

    Now, in the middle of another economic downturn, a revised version of Possum Living has been released, and this prompted Paige Williams, an award-wining American magazine writer, to try and answer the question: whatever happened to Dolly Freed?


    She spent months pitching the idea to the New York Times Magazine, the New Yorker, and several other publications, but got no takers. So Williams decided to write the story anyway.

    The result is “Finding Dolly Freed,” a fascinating and revealing 6,000-word profile of a truly original American life that Williams posted on a website she created specifically for this story. “I’m self-publishing this story because it had no other home.” Williams wrote. “I wanted it to live in the world, not die in my notebook.”

    But this was not a cheap story to do. It involved travel to Texas, where Dolly currently lives, and money to pay a photographer and fact-checker. All told, Williams, who was unemployed at the time, was out more than $2,000 in expenses, and that doesn’t include weeks of reporting and writing time.


    Enter Radiohead. In 2007, the British band released an album on the web before it appeared on CD, and invited their fans to download it. People could pay nothing for the download, or hand over whatever amount they thought was appropriate.


    Paige Williams

    Paige Williams thought she would try a similar approach with “Finding Dolly Freed.” She put a PayPal link on her site and told readers they were welcome to read for free, or they could contribute whatever they wanted. Within the first ten days of the story being posted, it attracted around 6,000 unique visitors who donated nearly $900.

    Crowdfunding Journalism

    There has been a lot of buzz about reader-supported content or “crowdfunding” over the past year. The best known site is the San Francisco-based Spot.us, where readers can donate money to story ideas pitched by freelance writers. (Its founder, David Cohn, contributes to MediaShift’s sister site, Idea Lab.)

    Most stories pitched on Spot.us fall into the category of investigative news stories, the kind of solid local stories about municipal malfeasance that newspapers used to embrace before they started firing reporters.

    But what about long-form narrative non-fiction features like “Finding Dolly Freed”? These stories typically take months to do, cost thousands of dollars, and they generally lack the “this story must be told” imperative that might drive readers to donate.

    But the results of this kind of journalism can be spectacular.

    ‘Frank Sinatra has a cold’


    In the 1960s, how many readers would have given Gay Talese money to follow Frank Sinatra around for a few months as he tried, unsuccessfully, to interview the reclusive crooner? Esquire magazine did, and Talese’s profile, Frank Sinatra Has a Cold, is widely considered to be a model of narrative non-fiction.

    For her part, Paige Williams recognizes there are serious shortcomings to the approach she took in writing about Dolly Freed. “I don’t know if this template can work for everyone,” she said in an interview. “That wasn’t the question I set out to answer. I just wanted to see if it would work for this one story.”

    And now that she has a day job as executive editor of Boston Magazine, she’s less concerned about whether she ever gets back all the money she spent to write her article.

    “If we don’t follow what we love, what the hell are we doing?” she said. “If I backtracked over the course of my 20-year career as a journalist and played every move safe, I wouldn’t have done half the things I’ve done. I had to find out what the story was about.”

    Ira Basen is a former senior producer at CBC’s Sunday Morning and Quirks and Quarks. He was involved in the creation of programs including The Inside Track (1985), This Morning (1997) and Workology (2001), as well as several special series, including Spin Cycles (2007) and News 2.0 (2009). His writing has appeared in Saturday Night, The Walrus, Maisonneuve and the Canadian Journal of Communication. He currently teaches at Ryerson University and the DeGroote School of Business at McMaster University. He is a co-author of the Canadian edition of The Book of Lists.


    This article was originally published on J-Source. J-Source and MediaShift have a content-sharing arrangement to broaden the audience of both sites.

    Tagged: crowdfunding dolly freed esquire frank sinatra non-fiction paige williams spot.us

    3 responses to “Can Crowdfunding Work for Narrative Non-Fiction?”

    1. MOM says:

      I like the idea of using the internet. I think it is an interesting way to publish a book.

    2. This is a great article and as a fellow Canadian, I’m proud to say…I have the answer for you!

      We built a crowdfunding platform, currently in BETA with a feature film called the biracy project. The platform is called SoKap or Social Kapitalism, and is located at http://www.sokap.com

      We are planning on bringing long form narrative fiction and non fiction writers into our platform as we see this as a benefit to them and their devoted fans.

      We would love an opportunity to speak with writers about this so perhaps there could be a moderated discussion about this using your site as the moderator?

      Let us know either way as we truly believe that using social kapitalism to fund digital media is going to one of the best ways to both build an audience and reduce financial capital stress loads on those who create for a living.

    3. Danae says:

      And if you’re a writer who wants to get started on your book, magazine or news article check out the “5 Benefits of Crowdfunding.” http://www.indiegogo.com/blog/2010/01/benefits-of-crowdfunding.html

      and “Keys to Crowdfunding Success” (http://www.indiegogo.com/blog/2010/01/keys-to-crowdfunding-success-on-indiegogo.html).

      The crowdfunding world is changing with cool companies like Biracy and IndieGoGo bringing tools to creative entrepreneurs to get their own work funded from the people who were going to buy their work anyway.

      This British IndieGoGo writer is getting his magazine funded as we speak. Check it out and make it happen on IndieGoGo:

      Dark Mountain Issue 1


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