What are the best practices for small hyperlocal news startups to ethically cultivate a network of freelancers and community contributors?
This question has been gnawing at me for a while and I haven’t yet found a good answer, so I want to share with you what I have found in hopes that you will help add to this list of resources.
Here at the Local News Lab we are working closely with six partner news sites who are at various stages from startup to sustainability. Some are just getting off the ground, others have almost a decade of experience behind them. But across the board all of them are working with freelancers and contributors of various kinds to help cover their communities. And without fail they all want to do so in a way that is ethical, safe, and supports the people they rely on.
So I began collecting tools, resources and best practices for small one- and two-person newsrooms working with freelancers on issues like contracts, training, intellectual property, safety and security.
Most of what I found was designed for freelancers to avoid being taken advantage of by newsrooms or for big newsroom managers to avoid breaking laws around freelancer labor. Which is to say, most of the materials out there are built on a foundation of mistrust and assume an adversarial relationship (and there are good reasons for this). But, there was little or nothing designed for small newsrooms and freelancers who want to create a positive collaborative relationship.
Help me create a better resource for freelancers and small local newsrooms:
- Professional Writers Association of Canada – Guide to Contracts and Negotiations
- Electronic Frontier Foundation – Guide to Labor Laws for Bloggers
- Rory Peck Trust – Guide to Negotiations
- National Writers Union – Contract Guides
- Writers and Editors – Freelancing, contracting, telecommuting
Safety, Security and Insurance:
- Rory Peck Trust – Guides for Digital Security, Safety, and Insurance
- Committee to Protect Journalists – Basic Preparedness Guide
- Freedom of the Press Foundation – Encryption Guide
- Tow Center for Digital Journalism – Digital Security and Source Protection
- Freelancers Union – Benefits Guide
- Reporters Without Borders – Insurance for Freelance Journalists and their Practical Guide for Freelancers (PDF)
- About.com – Overview of All The Kinds of Insurance Freelancers May Want to Consider
- Reporter’s Committee for Freedom of the Press – Digital Journalist Legal Guide
- Writers and Editors – Copyright, work for hire, and other rights issues
Help me fill in the blanks — what have I missed here — or what other questions do you have?
Josh Stearns directs the Geraldine R. Dodge Foundation’s journalism sustainability project, designed to develop new structures and strategies to support a robust future of news. Prior to joining the Dodge staff, Josh spent 7 years running national advocacy campaigns in support of freedom of expression and media diversity. Most recently he served as Press Freedom Director at Free Press, a national nonprofit fighting for all people’s rights to connect and communicate. Josh is an award winning journalist and the author of numerous reports on local news, public media and media policy. His articles have appeared online at the Columbia Journalism Review, PBS MediaShift, Orion Magazine and BoingBoing. He is a founding board member of the Freedom of the Press Foundation and served for almost 10 years on the board of the Student Conservation Association. Find him on Twitter at @jcstearns.