Your Guide to Iran Election News Online

    by Mark Glaser
    June 25, 2009
    Photo by "Milad Avazbeigi":http://www.flickr.com/people/milad-avazbeigi-photography/ via Flickr.

    i-998a38798e2ac5f234d586a1dc89d8ad-nico pitney huffpost.jpg
    Nico Pitney’s live-blogging for Huffington Post

    From time to time, I’ll give an overview of one broad MediaShift topic, annotated with online resources and plenty of tips. The idea is to help you understand the topic, learn the jargon, and take action. I’ve already covered Twitter, citizen journalism, alternative models for newspapers and other topics. This week I’ll look at Iran election news online.


    After the presidential election in Iran on June 12, incumbent president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad was declared the winner by a large margin not long after the polls closed. Then came questions about whether the vote was rigged, and rival candidate Mir-Hussein Mousavi called for protests. The resulting chaos involved mass protests, violence and killings in the streets of Tehran and other cities in Iran, and calls for a new election. During it all, Iran’s government arrested journalists, would not allow them to report on protests, and blocked Internet sites or slowed down Net access to make it unusable.

    With reporters restricted on the ground, that left the main reporting on demonstrations and violence to the citizens of Iran, who spread stories, photos and video through blogs and social networks. That made services such as Facebook, Twitter, Flickr and YouTube crucial to following the story as it unfolded the past couple weeks. But it also made it difficult to verify the information on all those sources. Soon CNN was warning viewers that the material it was getting from social networks was not verified — leading to a swipe from Jon Stewart of “The Daily Show”:

    played key roles in getting news out of Burma during protests by monks there. And the wider global blogosphere helped bring attention to jailed bloggers in Egypt, China and Iran in 2006, leading to their freedom. In late 2004, citizens helped capture the destruction of a massive tsunami in Southeast Asia when major media couldn’t reach disaster zones.

    But what was different this time was that more Westerners were connected through social networks than ever before. So when news started spreading through Twitter under the #IranElection hashtag, anyone on Twitter could follow reports as they came in minute by minute. Not only could they read what was going on but they could take action, re-tweeting accounts they trusted as true, and changing their photos green in solidarity with protesters.

    The myth of this being a “Twitter revolution” was quickly debunked because so few people in Iran were using Twitter, and the authorities could easily go onto Twitter and subvert the memes being spread. But what made Twitter so powerful was its ability to get news out of the conflict zone to the wider world. And Twitter is extremely difficult for authorities to block because of its open API, meaning that people could continue to get news out by text-messaging or via apps such as Tweetie or Tweetdeck even if Twitter.com was being blocked by the government.


    Plus, Iranians have long had to deal with the government blocking websites, so they know about getting around those blocks. And they have a flourishing blogosphere accustomed to organizing to help out jailed bloggers or to get information out when the state-run media is censored.

    The Ecosystem of News

    What’s happening online is that the people formerly known as news consumers are now given access to all the raw material being captured by eyewitnesses. What is truth and what is fiction? Who is there and who is pretending to be there? Where and when was that video captured? How do I know that Twitter feed isn’t from a government agent posing as a protester?

    i-4058ea124bd937cfdc7ea15f3ef37ec7-protest in iran photo.jpg
    Protest photo uploaded to Flickr

    Soon the viewer starts to figure out that there are various levels of trust they can associate with what they find online. There are the raw unverified feeds found via Twitter hashtags and Flickr tags. Then there are users on those services that have been reporting for a number of days, and who have been quoted or verified by others as being legitimate. Then there are sites such as Global Voices Online that have editors who know which bloggers to trust. Then there’s the cell phone video of Neda Soltan, a young Iranian woman who was shot in the street and died. That video started as raw and unverified and eventually was shared, passed around, and the story and context came out to the wider world.

    Over time, we start to find places online where we can trust the content, where people have proved their value in sharing valuable pieces of information. And they’re not just trained editors and journalists at news organizations, though those people also play a role in verifying information, when possible, and providing context. Here’s a roundup of some of the best sources on the fallout of the Iranian election.

    Live Blogs

    Iran Live-Blogging at Huffington Post by Nico Pitney

    Iranian Presidential Election coverage at the NY Times’ The Lede blog

    Iran Crisis Live in the Guardian

    The Daily Dish by Andrew Sullivan


    Citizentube Channel on YouTube

    Where Is My Election videos from inside Iran

    iReports on Iran Election

    Videos from IranDoost09

    Twitter Feeds

    Iran Unrest on Twazzup

    Super-filtered #IranElection info from Current TV’s Robin Sloan

    Breaking Tweets’ Middle East





    Facebook Pages


    Protest to Iran Election

    Democracy for Iran

    Where Is My Vote?

    Map Mashups

    2009 Tehran Election Protests

    Embassies Accepting Injured People in Tehran

    Mapping the Protests in Iran at the BBC

    Independent Websites

    Iran Focus

    Tehran 24 photos from Iran

    Tehran Bureau

    Wikipedia’s 2009 Iranian election protests page

    Wikipedia’s Iranian presidential election 2009 page

    Aggregated Information

    Iran Election on Alltop

    Iran Election 2009 at Global Voices Online

    Iran Election Watch at FriendFeed

    Iran page on Daylife

    Iran Conflict and Tragedy News at Allvoices

    Iran Election Crisis at FairSpin (via Stephen Hood)

    Yahoo Full Coverage of Iran

    Articles and Blog Posts

    America’s Iranian Twitter Revolution at Open Anthropology

    Coverage of the Protests: Twitter 1, CNN 0 at the Economist

    Iran, citizen media and media attention by Ethan Zuckerman

    Iranians find ways to bypass Net censors at News.com

    The Revolution, in real-time by Joe Trippi

    Twitter Is a Player In Iran’s Drama at Washington Post

    Twitter, Social Networks Deliver News of Protests in Iran at Poynter

    The Web vs. the Republic of Iran at Technology Review

    This list is just a start. Please add any trusted sources you have found to follow the news in Iran in the comments, and I’ll update my list with any glaring omissions.

    Protest photos by Milad Avazbeigi via Flickr.

    Mark Glaser is executive editor of MediaShift and Idea Lab. He also writes the bi-weekly OPA Intelligence Report email newsletter for the Online Publishers Association. He lives in San Francisco with his son Julian. You can follow him on Twitter @mediatwit.

    Tagged: facebook iran iran election protests trust twitter
    • Hi Mark — FairSpin (http://fairspin.org) is a site where readers work together to reveal the bias behind political news and opinion. (Full disclosure: I am a co-founder.) Last week we added a page that tracks the latest on the Iranian election and applies FairSpin’s bias rankings to separate the opinion pieces from factual news. Though the stories are starting to slow down, it has been interesting to observe how the left and right are reacting to both the events in Tehran and the Obama administration’s response.


      This is an experiment for us (as is FairSpin itself), so we welcome any feedback.

    • Stephen,
      Interesting experiment. Not sure that I trust reader votes on how to mark down bias but it’s one way to categorize news, I guess. I added your site to the list under Aggregated Information.

    • The Dart Center for Violence and Trauma is hosting a forum for experts to discuss the Neda Agha Soltan video and surrounding circumstances. More information and a post by NYU professor Fred Ritchin can be found here: http://dartcenter.org/blog/neda-agha-soltan-and-graphic-violence

      Check the Dart Center blog ( http://dartcenter.org/blog ) for related essays and posts, as well as a forthcoming forum roundup.

    • I offer Azadi4Iran.info which Jose Antonio Vargas featured in his Washington Post article.

      Be sure to check the “Alternatives” tab of Azadi4Iran.info

    • I have had a serious problem with twitter and a strange group of hackers outside Iran interfeering and causing problems in the struggle for democracy.
      Please read:

    • Doubt they will get a proper election there in the next 10 year. Oh it might look like democracy in the newz we hear, but if you talk to the medias down there it’s a completely different story.

    • IRAN115

      IRAN115 is nothing but one man sitting behind a desk trying to run a scam. He was busted and can’t get over that fact alone. To him, EVERYTHING is a scam. Simple google search will show you, BEWARE you’ve been warned

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