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    Newspaper Sites Hot to Blog, Cool to Podcasts

    by Mark Glaser
    August 3, 2006

    i-54842a1d2503c6e897b67960bfc1568b-Bivings Group.JPG
    Newspaper companies are feeling the shift hard, as people go from reading print newspapers to getting their news and classified ads on the Internet. But if there’s one thing the Newspaper Association of America can hang their hat on, it’s that newspaper websites continue to grow their audiences and advertising revenues. So if people are not reading papers in print, at least they might be getting their news online from the same news source.

    Though newspaper websites have been around for a decade, they’ve often been slow to innovate, and have been mainly used for “shovelware” — repurposing the same print stories online. But now, times are changing, and newspapers are perking up and realizing they’re going to have to do more online if they want to compete with the TV network and cable news sites, international newspaper sites, and aggregators such as Yahoo and Google.

    So can these ink-stained dinosaurs do the Web 2.0 boogie? The Bivings Group, a Washington PR agency, recently studied the Top 100 American newspaper sites (ranked by print circulation, strangely enough) to find out which newspapers offered blogs, podcasts, RSS feeds, comments on stories, reader forums and even bookmarking features.

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    The following are some key findings from the report, which you can read in full here (PDF file).

    Blogging is all the rage.
    Out of the Top 100 newspaper sites, 80 of them have blogs. Of those 80 sites with blogs, 67 sites (or 83%) let readers comment on the blogs. The report singles out the Boston Globe’s massive blogging effort for encouraging “reader participation and interaction between reporters, journalists, and everyday citizens.” Blogging is so prevalent, that 9 of the Top 10 and 9 of the Bottom 10 newspapers offer blogs.

    Podcasting is still a province of larger papers.
    Unlike blogs, podcasts are employed by a minority of Top 100 newspaper sites — 31 of them. And the trend is much stronger on bigger sites vs. smaller ones. For instance, 6 of the Top 10 newspaper sites have podcasts, while only 2 of the bottom 25 have podcasts. The reason for that disparity might be because of the extra production required for podcasts vs. for blogs — plus the newness of podcasting.

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    Video offerings are widespread.
    61 newspaper sites of the Top 100 offer video on their sites, which is a pretty strong number. However, The Bivings Group didn’t break out whether that video was AP video or original video shot by the newspaper staff, or even video submitted by readers.

    Newspaper sites offer RSS — but not with full text or ads.
    Out of the Top 100, 76 sites have RSS feeds and almost all of them offer feeds for particular sections of the site. But none of these feeds are full-text feeds and none of them have advertisements within the feeds. What’s up with that? The Bivings Group explains:

    They are essentially using RSS like an email alert system: letting people know something new has been posted but still trying to push users to their own websites. Thus, while newspapers are using RSS, they are not yet allowing readers to read full text in their own RSS readers without visiting the newspaper’s site online. Perhaps newspapers fear that by using full RSS feeds and allowing people to read entire newspaper articles via this technology, fewer people will visit their websites.

    Over time, it’s possible that newspaper sites might see the importance of offering full feeds with ads, as more people start using RSS feeds and prefer to read articles inside their news reader.

    Forced registration is losing steam.
    Only 23 of the Top 100 newspaper sites require people to register in order to read articles. That seems awfully low, and perhaps a sign that the sites don’t trust the veracity of people giving their personal information. Instead, the sites might rely on behavioral ads that are served according to the websites the person has visited recently.

    Editors are not hip to reader comments on stories or bookmarking.
    Only 19 sites allow readers to comment below each article, and only 7 sites offer either internal or external bookmarking features. The low number on reader comments is a strong contrast to the 63 sites that let people comment on blogs. This could be an issue of resources and the amount of time it takes to moderate comments on stories — or it could be the thin skin of reporters and editors who don’t want reader comments on their stories.

    As for social bookmarking, that seems like a no-brainer for newspaper sites, as people bookmarking their stories would lead to more readers. Why not turn your readers into advocates and promoters for your best content? For instance, the Washington Post site allows people to save stories to del.icio.us, where others can see the stories you’ve bookmarked.

    “Based on these findings and others, it seems that today’s newspapers are making a significant effort to reach web-focused audiences with mediums that are relevant to today’s virtual society,” concludes Erin Teeling of The Bivings Group on the firm’s blog.

    True enough, but what could newspaper sites do better to help reel you in as a regular reader? What tools and technology do you think they should offer? Are newspaper blogs or podcasts important to you? Do you want original online content? Share your thoughts in the comments below.

    Tagged: new media newspapers podcasting weblog
    • Thanks for the lovely summary on the report. Shovelware – I love that phrase. It’s the quickest, easiest way to repurpose content from print to online. But that was the strategy some 7 years ago! Yes, I am expecting much more from newspapers if they want to hold the 2.0 audience.

      One of the key things that have come out from 2.0 is the power of the network. How myspace works is that the more people you have connected to you, the better. Users go around trying to connect. You can see who has viewed your photos, and visit their websites, etc. It’s an infinite energy.

      Yet many newspaper sites are still one-to-one. You register and are disconnected from all other readers. Even with user-generated content taking center stage, few have figured a way to start a network effect from user-generated content. Well, if you know of any news site that have done this well, let me know!

    • I’d like to see newspaper sites experiment with Digg and Memeorandum style views of their content. Not neccessarily in place of an editor controlled view, but as a supplement or alternative view. I also think newspapers need to fully embrace the fact that their content is the topic of discussion on the blogosphere. They need to embrace the spirit of this conversation by integrating with blogs/Digg/etc. and allowing more open discourse on their own sites.

    • I would venture to say this all is a symptom of newspapers lacking resources for development. Newspaper leaders have been so focused on tackling declining circulation, that building the Web site’s functionality has not been as high a priority as it could have been.

    • Hi Mark. Thanks for this summary. I too have been looking closer at the newspaper industry on my blog and have made a series of posts related to the challenges they face. For example, here’s a link to “The Long Slow Death of Newspapers”: http://jwikert.typepad.com/the_average_joe/2006/07/the_long_slow_d.html. I really think there’s a huge opportunity for local papers to leverage the blogosphere, which I note in that post. I also tend to think the revenue and profit numbers for any given paper is going to continue to shrink; their business has been reinvented and much of the profit has shifted to other pure online businesses. Nothing will reverse that, which is why so many papers are going through shake-up’s and losing market value. Here are a couple of other newspaper-related posts on my blog that you might find interesting:
      http://jwikert.typepad.com/the_average_joe/2006/07/one_newspapers_.html
      http://jwikert.typepad.com/the_average_joe/2006/07/where_do_you_ge.html

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    • Why pay for news papers when you can get the stuff online (almost always) for free as long as you have internet? It seems it’s an obvious trend to save paper (environment), individual resources (money), and time for everyone… One less trip to the store, 10 minutes less mailing a letter for a subscription, many hours less for a door to door paper carrier (sure, that job field may be getting skim because of it, but new ones will open up due to what’s making that job field skim… e.g. Comment moderators?). Thanks for the post!

    • Something else that I am not seeing being raised here is the power of continuances. I always like to ask for as many continuances on my ticket as possible. The reason for this? Hopefully the officer will forget about you by the time your trial comes, this is of course if you did not do something during the traffic stop that is going to make him remember you. I recently had requested that my officer be at my trial and after the two continuances that I was able to get by the time my trial date came around and I had exhausted all my continuances the officer had actually transfered to another state. Guess what Case Dismissed. Important GET AS MANY CONTINUANCES AS POSSIBLE!

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